The primary activity of PARTNERS will be focused on understanding the complex links and feedbacks between the social and ecological subsystems that influence the nature and extent of reforestation. Within five themes, working groups will address major gaps in our understanding of the social and ecological circumstances that lead to the formation of new tropical forests and will compare the social and ecological consequences of different types of reforestation, such as natural forest regrowth, agro-forests, reforestation plantations, or commercial forestry plantations.

Interdisciplinary synthesis teams will focus on five thematic areas:

  1. Forest Transition: Social and ecological causes of forest transitions in tropical regions
  2. Resilience: Recovery of ecosystems in disturbed tropical forest landscapes
  3. Climate: Interactions between climate variability and reforestation
  4. Trade-offs: Socio-economic and ecological costs and benefits of different forms of reforestation
  5. Definitions: Forest definitions in the age of reforestation