• How to grow instant fig trees to restore rain forests in Costa Rica

    By Leighton Reid and Rakan Zahawi This blog is reposted with permission from the the Missouri Botanical Garden Natural History of Ecological Restoration blog CCSD scientist Leighton Reid and Lyon Arboretum director Rakan Zahawi write about giant fig tree cuttings: how to make them and why some grow better than others. Choosing the right species to include in a restoration project is a hard […]

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  • Thinning – the restoration middle road

    by Rhett Harrison, World Agroforestry Centre, Zambia When many people think about restoration, they envisage tree planting. Indeed, among a large segment of society tree planting is virtually synonymous with restoration, although with the obvious provisos that it should be with native species. However, the costs of planting are high and, depending on the circumstances, […]

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  • Gone with the wind: canopies of next generation tropical forests will function differently based on today’s understory recruitment

    By Jarrah Dominic Wills Diverse understory development within forest plantations can provide conservation value in highly modified tropical landscapes, but how many species should be used to establish a initial canopy structure to encourage recruitment: one species, two species, or more? And how does the quality of the understorey environment and functional traits of the […]

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  • Mexican Experiences in the Restoration of Ecosystems

    Like so many countries, Mexico is caught up in the myth of perpetual economic growth and a development paradigm driven by consumerism. However, there are rays of hope and seeming awareness that this path has little prospect of sustainability. For example, Mexico has enthusiastically signed on to all the recent UN-sponsored Calls and Treaties wherein […]

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  • A new model to scale up forest restoration from sites to landscapes

    T. Trevor Caughlin Restoring forest to hundreds of millions of hectares of degraded land has become a centerpiece of international plans to sequester carbon and conserve biodiversity. To achieve these ambitious restoration goals, we will need to predict restoration outcomes at landscape and regional scales. However, ecological field studies reveal widely divergent forest recovery rates, […]

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  • Can tropical forests recover after major disturbance?

      Can tropical dry forests recover their species richness and composition after major disturbance?  GET THE PAPER! Secondary forests recovering after previous deforestation account for a substantial proportion of the world’s remaining area of tropical forest and their importance is expected to increase in the future. Assessing the resilience of tropical forests is key to […]

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  • A global meta-analysis on the ecological drivers of forest restoration success

    By Renato Crouzeilles and Mariana S. Ferreira Restoration of previously forested land is a global priority, with more than two billion hectares identified as potentially suitable for forest restoration. Billions of dollars have been spent on ecological restoration methods, technology and knowledge capacity to achieve effective restoration outcomes. The ecological drivers underpinning the success of […]

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  • Landscape attributes determine restoration outcomes in the Ecuadorian Andes

    By Romaike S. Middendorp Landscape attributes can determine reforestation rates and, ultimately, the biodiversity and ecosystem service benefits of second-growth forests. Ecologists recognize the importance of landscape-scale variation, including distance to forest remnants, local forest cover, and heterogeneity of land cover, for reforestation. Policymakers increasingly develop plans for forest restoration at landscape scales. But the […]

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  • Superior survival of nitrogen-fixing trees during succession in Costa Rican rainforests

    By T. Trevor Caughlin, Literature Coordinator Nitrogen availability limits plant growth in many ecosystems, including some tropical forests. Some tree species have adapted by partnering with nitrogen-fixing bacteria that can convert inert nitrogen gas in the atmosphere into a biologically-available nutrient. The potentially huge amount of nitrogen these tree species can fix (> 100 kg […]

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  • Smart reforestation must go beyond carbon: expert

    By Catriona Moss, CIFOR Keeping carbon stored in trees. That’s one major way of tackling climate change. Natural regeneration, replanting, native tree plantations, commercial plantations and agro forestry systems have all be used as part of reforestation efforts. But a new study has found we can do better by ensuring that communities and ecosystems surrounding […]

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