• A global meta-analysis on the ecological drivers of forest restoration success

    By Renato Crouzeilles and Mariana S. Ferreira Restoration of previously forested land is a global priority, with more than two billion hectares identified as potentially suitable for forest restoration. Billions of dollars have been spent on ecological restoration methods, technology and knowledge capacity to achieve effective restoration outcomes. The ecological

  • The Forest and Landscape Restoration Mechanism

    by Douglas McGuire, Christophe Besacier, and Cesar Sabogal More than 2 billion hectares of the world’s deforested and degraded landscapes have potential for Forest and Landscape Restoration (FLR). Deforestation and landscape degradation are worldwide problems. Continued landscape degradation poses serious obstacles to eliminating poverty and hunger, maintaining biodiversity, and to

  • Landscape attributes determine restoration outcomes in the Ecuadorian Andes

    By Romaike S. Middendorp Landscape attributes can determine reforestation rates and, ultimately, the biodiversity and ecosystem service benefits of second-growth forests. Ecologists recognize the importance of landscape-scale variation, including distance to forest remnants, local forest cover, and heterogeneity of land cover, for reforestation. Policymakers increasingly develop plans for forest restoration

  • Ants love second-growth forests!

    By Ricardo Solar That rates of forest loss in the tropics are alarming is no novelty. Several human activities, including selective logging, cattle ranching, and agriculture, have led to widespread fragmentation, deforestation and forest degradation. Thus, tropical forests are embedded in a complex mosaic of several human land-use systems. These

  • Biodiversity plantings speed up forest recovery in Australian rainforests

    By T. Trevor Caughlin, Literature Coordinator A fundamental choice for tropical reforestation projects is whether to plant trees or rely on natural regeneration to restore tree cover and other ecological properties. Both methods have costs; natural regeneration can be slow and unpredictable, while tree planting can be considerably more expensive

  • From research to forests: PARTNERS’ second meeting sets an agenda for making reforestation happen

    By Sarah Wilson I’ve been fascinated with tropical forests since I learned they existed. To a five-year old growing up on the flat, windy prairies of Canada, they were the perfect thing – lush, warm, mysterious, and full of danger, excitement, and adventure. The possibilities for discovery seemed endless. Today,

  • Superior survival of nitrogen-fixing trees during succession in Costa Rican rainforests

    By T. Trevor Caughlin, Literature Coordinator Nitrogen availability limits plant growth in many ecosystems, including some tropical forests. Some tree species have adapted by partnering with nitrogen-fixing bacteria that can convert inert nitrogen gas in the atmosphere into a biologically-available nutrient. The potentially huge amount of nitrogen these tree species

  • Complex interactions between socioeconomic, institutional and biophysical drivers determine restoration project success in the Philippines

    By T. Trevor Caughlin, Literature Coordinator The success of tropical forest restoration projects depends on many interrelated factors, ranging from institutional support to local participation to appropriate tree species selection. Project coordination that accounts for all these complex factors is difficult, so it is perhaps not surprising that many publicly-funded

  • Automating forest restoration: could robots revive rainforests?

    By Stephen Elliott, Chiang Mai University’s Forest Restoration Research Unit At last year’s UN Climate Summit in New York, businesses and governments pledged to “speed up restoration” to convert 350 million hectares of degraded forestland back into forest by the end of the next decade – an area larger than

  • Combining ecology, traditional knowledge, and social needs in a framework for riparian forest restoration

    By Claire Salisbury and Danielle Celentano (Photo credit: Claudio Farias) A new project to design restoration strategies in riparian forests is being led by Brazilian researchers in collaboration with local communities. The researchers, from the Maranhão State University (UEMA) and Federal University of Maranhão (UFMA), have combined interviews with biodiversity surveys