• A new model to scale up forest restoration from sites to landscapes

    T. Trevor Caughlin Restoring forest to hundreds of millions of hectares of degraded land has become a centerpiece of international plans to sequester carbon and conserve biodiversity. To achieve these ambitious restoration goals, we will need to predict restoration outcomes at landscape and regional scales. However, ecological field studies reveal

  • Can tropical forests recover after major disturbance?

      Can tropical dry forests recover their species richness and composition after major disturbance?  GET THE PAPER! Secondary forests recovering after previous deforestation account for a substantial proportion of the world’s remaining area of tropical forest and their importance is expected to increase in the future. Assessing the resilience of

  • Working with nature: tropical forest regrowth and its potential for mitigating climate change

    By Madelon Lohbeck The Bonn challenge aims to restore 350 million hectares of degraded land by 2030 of which currently almost 100 million hectares has been committed through various initiatives. Restoration is a global priority; not only to restore the productivity of degraded and unproductive land, but also because promoting

  • A global meta-analysis on the ecological drivers of forest restoration success

    By Renato Crouzeilles and Mariana S. Ferreira Restoration of previously forested land is a global priority, with more than two billion hectares identified as potentially suitable for forest restoration. Billions of dollars have been spent on ecological restoration methods, technology and knowledge capacity to achieve effective restoration outcomes. The ecological

  • The Forest and Landscape Restoration Mechanism

    by Douglas McGuire, Christophe Besacier, and Cesar Sabogal More than 2 billion hectares of the world’s deforested and degraded landscapes have potential for Forest and Landscape Restoration (FLR). Deforestation and landscape degradation are worldwide problems. Continued landscape degradation poses serious obstacles to eliminating poverty and hunger, maintaining biodiversity, and to

  • Landscape attributes determine restoration outcomes in the Ecuadorian Andes

    By Romaike S. Middendorp Landscape attributes can determine reforestation rates and, ultimately, the biodiversity and ecosystem service benefits of second-growth forests. Ecologists recognize the importance of landscape-scale variation, including distance to forest remnants, local forest cover, and heterogeneity of land cover, for reforestation. Policymakers increasingly develop plans for forest restoration

  • Ants love second-growth forests!

    By Ricardo Solar That rates of forest loss in the tropics are alarming is no novelty. Several human activities, including selective logging, cattle ranching, and agriculture, have led to widespread fragmentation, deforestation and forest degradation. Thus, tropical forests are embedded in a complex mosaic of several human land-use systems. These

  • Biodiversity plantings speed up forest recovery in Australian rainforests

    By T. Trevor Caughlin, Literature Coordinator A fundamental choice for tropical reforestation projects is whether to plant trees or rely on natural regeneration to restore tree cover and other ecological properties. Both methods have costs; natural regeneration can be slow and unpredictable, while tree planting can be considerably more expensive

  • From research to forests: PARTNERS’ second meeting sets an agenda for making reforestation happen

    By Sarah Wilson I’ve been fascinated with tropical forests since I learned they existed. To a five-year old growing up on the flat, windy prairies of Canada, they were the perfect thing – lush, warm, mysterious, and full of danger, excitement, and adventure. The possibilities for discovery seemed endless. Today,

  • Superior survival of nitrogen-fixing trees during succession in Costa Rican rainforests

    By T. Trevor Caughlin, Literature Coordinator Nitrogen availability limits plant growth in many ecosystems, including some tropical forests. Some tree species have adapted by partnering with nitrogen-fixing bacteria that can convert inert nitrogen gas in the atmosphere into a biologically-available nutrient. The potentially huge amount of nitrogen these tree species