• Tree islands for tropical forest restoration: the outlook is rosy after 10 years

    By Karen Holl, Leighton Reid, and Zak Zahawi Over the past few years there have been a growing number of commitments at the global, national and regional scale to restore forests because of their importance to conserve biodiversity, sequester carbon, reduce erosion, and provide goods and services to people. For

  • Thinning – the restoration middle road

    by Rhett Harrison, World Agroforestry Centre, Zambia When many people think about restoration, they envisage tree planting. Indeed, among a large segment of society tree planting is virtually synonymous with restoration, although with the obvious provisos that it should be with native species. However, the costs of planting are high

  • Gone with the wind: canopies of next generation tropical forests will function differently based on today’s understory recruitment

    By Jarrah Dominic Wills Diverse understory development within forest plantations can provide conservation value in highly modified tropical landscapes, but how many species should be used to establish a initial canopy structure to encourage recruitment: one species, two species, or more? And how does the quality of the understorey environment

  • Epiphyte restoration in Brazil’s Atlantic Forest

    CCSD restoration ecologist and PARTNERS member Leighton Reid spent 10 days collaborating with scientists and students in the Tropical Silviculture Lab (LASTROP) at the University of São Paulo. Epiphytes were a central theme of the visit. Vascular epiphytes are plants that live non-parasitically on other plants. Readers from the tropics

  • Mexican Experiences in the Restoration of Ecosystems

    Like so many countries, Mexico is caught up in the myth of perpetual economic growth and a development paradigm driven by consumerism. However, there are rays of hope and seeming awareness that this path has little prospect of sustainability. For example, Mexico has enthusiastically signed on to all the recent

  • A new model to scale up forest restoration from sites to landscapes

    T. Trevor Caughlin Restoring forest to hundreds of millions of hectares of degraded land has become a centerpiece of international plans to sequester carbon and conserve biodiversity. To achieve these ambitious restoration goals, we will need to predict restoration outcomes at landscape and regional scales. However, ecological field studies reveal

  • Can tropical forests recover after major disturbance?

      Can tropical dry forests recover their species richness and composition after major disturbance?  GET THE PAPER! Secondary forests recovering after previous deforestation account for a substantial proportion of the world’s remaining area of tropical forest and their importance is expected to increase in the future. Assessing the resilience of

  • Working with nature: tropical forest regrowth and its potential for mitigating climate change

    By Madelon Lohbeck The Bonn challenge aims to restore 350 million hectares of degraded land by 2030 of which currently almost 100 million hectares has been committed through various initiatives. Restoration is a global priority; not only to restore the productivity of degraded and unproductive land, but also because promoting

  • A global meta-analysis on the ecological drivers of forest restoration success

    By Renato Crouzeilles and Mariana S. Ferreira Restoration of previously forested land is a global priority, with more than two billion hectares identified as potentially suitable for forest restoration. Billions of dollars have been spent on ecological restoration methods, technology and knowledge capacity to achieve effective restoration outcomes. The ecological

  • The Forest and Landscape Restoration Mechanism

    by Douglas McGuire, Christophe Besacier, and Cesar Sabogal More than 2 billion hectares of the world’s deforested and degraded landscapes have potential for Forest and Landscape Restoration (FLR). Deforestation and landscape degradation are worldwide problems. Continued landscape degradation poses serious obstacles to eliminating poverty and hunger, maintaining biodiversity, and to